A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military. The word cantonment is
derived from the French word canton meaning corner or district, as is the name
of the Cantons of Switzerland. In South Asia, the term cantonment also describes
permanent military stations. Cantonments can be found in India, Bangladesh,
Pakistan, South Africa, Singapore, Ghana, Sri Lanka and Nepal. In United States
military parlance, a cantonment is an essentially permanent residential (i.e.
barracks) section of a fort or other military installation such as Fort Hood.
The term is often abbreviated to "cantt."
Cantonment Board are the administrative bodies of the cantonment areas and are
under the control of the Ministry of Defence through the Military Lands and
Cantonments Department. There are 62 Army Cantonment Board in India the local
head of which is the Chief Executive Officer. The CEOs are the officers of the
IDES or departmentaly promotees.